Spectrum History


Muska Mosston

Muska Mosston was born in 1925 in Israel to Russian immigrants. As a young boy growing up, he had myriad interests: he was a concert violinist, a gymnast, a soccer player, a paratrooper, a champion decathlon athlete, a horseman, and a mountain climber. He graduated with the first class at the Wingate Institute in Israel. After coming to the United States, he taught physics, geometry, math, Hebrew, and physical education. He earned a Bachelors and Masters degrees from City College of New York, a doctorate from Temple University in Philadelpia, and an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Jyvaskyla in Finland. He chaired the Department of Physical Education at Rutgers University and was the first to change the name to the Department of Kinesiology. He also had a television program, Shape-UP, on CBS in New York City for seven years.

Muska loved physical education and the opportunities it offered for physical, social, cognitive, ethical, and emotional development. When he saw children being denied opportunities to think and move, he became outraged and was exasperated by colleagues who could not expand their views of what physical education could be.

In 1966, Muska introduced the Spectrum of Teaching Styles to the field of Physical Education. As he fought to advance the theory and practices of physical education, he was often excluded by those who disagreed with his strong opinions. This exclusion did not dissuade him - he merely shifted his energies to general education. Years later, invitations to present his theory came from around the world and brought Muska back to his first professional love - physical education.

Muska Mosston was a pioneer who discovered a new paradigm about teaching and learning. The Spectrum of Teaching Styles has been implemented in public and private school classrooms at all grade levels and subject matters.  The Spectrum equips teachers with the fundamental knowledge for developing a repertoire of professional behaviors that embrace all the objectives needed to connect with and to educate students.

Muska Mosston 1925-1994

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